Technical modules

Module: Impacts

Waste is any material, substance or product that has been discarded or abandoned because it no longer has a specific use (ADEME). But then what happens after getting rid of the latter? If abandoned in nature, does it have an impact on its environment? Will it have the same impacts if it is organic or electronic? If it is left in a swampy area or a desert zone? Temperate or tropical? In large or small quantities?

Lixiviats from the New Delhi Non-Health Landfill (2013)

Module: Choose my waste management system

Do you live in rural, peri-urban or urban areas? Dense or extensive? In an African or European country? In a coastal or forested region? Mountainous or on the plains? With a structured or anarchic urban plan? Paved roads or dirt roads? Cheap or expensive labour? Access to industries or dependent on imports? A demographic that is rising or declining? High or low purchasing power?

Each context will have its own solutions for waste management. One-way solutions won’t necessarily work in your neighbour’s home.

When we talk about waste management, the “copy and paste” should be used with great care.

Waste pickers, New Delhi landfill (2013)
Manual sorting centre, France (2012)

Module: What is the recovery for my waste?

Is banana skin treated like a plastic bottle or an old TELEVISION? Is 100kg/day treated with organic waste as 1000kg/day of the same waste? What is the priority of my context? Do I need energy, building materials or again these same products?

What tools and techniques are available to me to process, value and recycle my waste?

Large-scale composting, Switzerland (2013)

Module: Legislation

What are my rights and duties regarding waste management in my country? Is there any legislation to support or help me in my area, my city, my borough? What are the conventions and organizations that govern waste management and its movement globally?

As a political actor, what are the proposed laws to reduce pollution caused by certain waste? (examples: Limit the importation of used vehicles according to their age in my country, ban single-use plastics, force supermarkets to give away their unsold vehicles).

The Basel Convention is an international treaty designed to regulate the movement of hazardous waste between countries.
Appendix V of the MARPOL Convention concerns the prevention of pollution by ship’s garbage.

Module: Sustainable Agriculture

How does the organic matter cycle work? What are the impacts on our soils if the organic matter we have removed from it via vegetables, cereals, fruits… didn’t return it to him? Why and how to feed our soils through good organic waste recovery? How does a soil work and what are the challenges of the coming decades? What are the principles of sustainable agriculture for my context?

Spinach, Dabou, Ivory Coast (2019)